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Collection: Biotin-Z-MAB®

Z-MAB

Species Antibody Isotype    Fc Domain Catalog Code
Human IgG1 Wildtype PZHU005-B
Human IgG1 Aglycosylated PZHU006-B
Human IgG4 Wildtype PZHU003-B
Human IgG4 Aglycosylated PZHU004-B
Mouse IgG1 Wildtype PZMU003-B
Mouse IgG1 Aglycosylated PZMU004-B
Mouse IgG2a Wildtype PZMU001-B
Mouse IgG2a Aglycosylated PZMU002-B
Mouse IgG2b Wildtype PZMU005-B
Mouse IgG2b Aglycosylated PZMU006-B
Rat IgG1 Wildtype PZRA001-B
Rat IgG2a Wildtype PZRA003-B
Rat IgG2a Aglycosylated PZRA004-B
Rat IgG2b Wildtype PZRA005-B
Rat IgG2b Aglycosylated PZRA006-B


ADVANTAGE OF BIOTIN-LABELED Z-MAB ANTIBODIES

Z-MABs have been excellent control antibodies for the assessment of the ”background bindings” of the antigen-specific, isotype matched, antibodies.  Binding of the Z-MAB antibody can be detected by the secondary antibody conjugated with enzyme, such as peroxidase or alkaline phosphatase, or fluo molecules such as FITC, Cy3, Cy5, ..etc.  With the available biotin-Z-MABs, the background binding can be determined by direct binding of the streptavidin-conjugated HRP without engaging secondary antibodies. The simplified process effectively eliminates the potentially added background signals associated with the secondary antibodies including their potential interactions with cross-species Fc receptors.  In addition, the highly stable ABC (avidin-biotin complexes) allows stringent washing conditions and leads to excellent signal to noise ratio.

What is a Z-MAB®?

Z-MAB® is a genetically engineered antibody variant whose antigen-binding capacity has been eliminated. Z-MAB® is suitable to be used as an unbiased control agent for testing specific activities of an antibody of interest.

How are Z-MAB®s created?

Starting with an antibody from a well established antibody drug, we identified the critical amino acid residues in all 6 complementary determining regions (CDRs), engineered selected combinatorial variants and tested for the reduction/loss of their antigen-binding activities. Final candidate Z-MAB®s exhibit excellent CMC and pharmacokinetic properties.

What unmet needs are Z-MAB®s meant to serve?

Choosing a control antibody is probably the most unscientific component for testing the specific activity of an antibody of interest. Control antibodies commercially available thus far include antibodies with no known antigens, e.g. MOPC21; antibodies raised against antigens of evolutionarily distant species, e.g. anti-KLH; antibodies reactive with a known antigen that is distinct from the antigen of interest. If cross-reactivity or high background is observed, most researchers simply move to the next control antibody available until an “ideal” control antibody is found, that is, until the expected result is observed. Z-MAB® has no active antigen-binding activity, and yet retains the overall antibody structure and conformation. It is therefore a bona fide control agent for testing antibodies.

How can Z-MAB®s help antibody-based research and drug development?

Our Z-MAB® product line includes the mostly commonly used isotypes of mouse, human and rat origins. For mouse Z-MAB®s, the IgG2a isotype (PZMU001) was engineered from the OKT3 (a mouse anti-human CD3 antibody) by CDR-silencing. The IgG1 isotype Z-MAB® was generated by joining the variable regions of PZMU001 to the constant regions of a mouse IgG1 antibody. Additional mouse antibody isotypes were generated using the same recombinant method.  Human and rat Z-MAB®s were similarly engineered from Avastin (a humanized anti-VEGF antibody) and 53.6.72 (a rat anti-mouse CD8-alpha antibody), respectively. As such, all isotype Z-MAB®s of the same species share the same CDR-silenced variable regions. With the Z-MAB®s control agent, one no longer has to deal with the complications associated with poorly characterized “control” antibodies. In this regard, Z-MAB®s are particularly useful in animal disease models for antibody drug development where the use of unqualified control antibodies frequently leads to unexpected efficacy and for FACS analysis where the background staining frequently makes proper gating a challenge.

What Z-MAB®s are available?

Curretnly, we offer a total of 16 Z-MAB®s of mouse, human and rat origin (please see the listing above). In addition to the isotype matched Z-MAB®s, Z-MAB®s carrying aglycosylated Fc domain are available as excellent control agents for antibodies whose Fc regions are not glycosylated, enzymatically or recombinantly.

  • Biotin-Z-MAB – Rat IgG1
    Regular price
    $ 300.00
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    $ 300.00
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  • Biotin-Z-MAB – Rat IgG2a
    Regular price
    $ 300.00
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    $ 300.00
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  • Biotin-Z-MAB – Rat IgG2a with aglyco-Fc
    Regular price
    $ 300.00
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    $ 300.00
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  • Biotin-Z-MAB – Rat IgG2b
    Regular price
    $ 300.00
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    $ 300.00
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    Out of Stock
  • Biotin-Z-MAB – Rat IgG2b with aglyco-Fc
    Regular price
    $ 300.00
    Sale price
    $ 300.00
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    per 
    Out of Stock